Exploring Factors That Impact on Motivation in Foreign Language Learning in the Classroom

Mochamad Mochklas, Magdalena Ngongo, Martin Yehezkiel Sianipar, Sobirova Nurkhon Barot Kizi, Randi Eka Putra, Nabil Al-Awawdeh


In the study of second language learning, one of the most critical components is unveiling factors that impact on motivation in the classroom. Proficiency in foreign language learning is inextricably tied to motivation, in the understanding that proficiency may not take place if the learners are not strategically motivated. The effectiveness of an L2 learners’ growth may be dependent on various factors that affect motivation in the classroom. This study is an analysis of different factors that influence motivation in foreign language classroom. The study examined how different activities and situations influence the motivation of foreign language learners in the classroom. A total of 119 persons participated in the study, including high school teachers and their students. Questionnaire was used to collect the needed data, and data was analyzed using tables and graphs to discuss the factors that affect motivation in the classroom. Teaching strategy and style of learning, feedback, reward, group, class environment, technology, and punishment are the factors measured. The findings of the study indicate that teaching strategy and learning style exert huge impact on motivation, with over 39.50% of the response rate. This is closely followed by feedback and reward with about 19.32% and 12.60% respectively. The study further revealed that group has the least influence on motivation, with 2.52% value, which is lower than the impact of class environment that stands at 7.56%. It is concluded that both learners and teachers of foreign language accept that teaching strategy and learning style is the most significant factor that impacts on motivation. It is recommended for further studies to use larger study sample from different schools to explore these factors and ascertain their degree of impact on motivation in foreign language teaching and learning.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11114/smc.v11i5.6057


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