The Relationship between Shyness and Externalizing problem in Chinese Preschoolers: The Moderating Effect of Teacher-child Relationship

Han Pi Guo, Wu Yun Peng, Tian Yu, Xu Min Xia, Gao Feng Qiang


The current study explored the role of teacher-child relationship plays on the relationship between preschooler’s shyness level and externalizing problem. The sample consisted of 463 children from 6 preschools of Shandong province in northern China. Mothers reported the shyness level, aggressive behavior, and attention problem of their children, whereas teachers rated the teacher-child relationships. Among the results, the shyness level of girls were significantly higher than that of boys; children’s age was significantly and negatively correlated with parents’ rating of child shyness, aggressive behavior, and attention problem; shyness was associated with more aggressive behaviors, more attention problems, higher teacher-child dependence, higher teacher-child conflict, and lower teacher-child closeness. The aggressive behavior was associated with higher teacher-child dependence and higher teacher-child conflict. Teacher-child closeness moderated the relationship between shyness and externalizing problem (including aggressive behavior and attention problem). Teacher-child dependency moderated the relationship between shyness and aggressive behavior.

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Paper Submission E-mail:

Journal of Education and Training Studies  ISSN 2324-805X (Print)   ISSN 2324-8068 (Online)

Copyright © Redfame Publishing Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders. 

If you have any questions, please contact: