The Effect of Intellectual Capital and Individual Self-Efficacy on Sport Identity of Kradeniz Technique University Physical Education Students

Elif Aydin


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of intellectual capital and individual self-efficacy on the sporting identity of the students in the field of physical education in Turkey. In order to measure the intellectual capital variable, the standard questionnaire (Bontis, 1998) was used, to measure the individual self-efficacy variable the standard questionnaire (Sherr & Mados, 1982) was used, and to assess the sport identity of the standard questionnaire (Cheslak, 2004) was used.

The reliability of the questionnaires was also assessed by Cronbach's alpha test, respectively; The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the intellectual capital questionnaire was 0.84, for the self-efficacy questionnaire 0.75 and for the sports identity questionnaire 0.8. The questionnaires were distributed among the statistical sample (181 students of physical education of Karadeniz Technique University). The findings indicated that intellectual capital with a coefficient of 0.85 and its three dimensions (human capital, structural capital, and communicative capital) as well as individual self-efficacy with a coefficient of 0.815 and its three dimensions (no interest in harassing others, desire of extending effort and different ways to face obstacles) on physical education students’ identity was significant. It can be concluded that with the increase of intellectual capital and the efficiency of physical education students, the identity of sports identity will be improved.

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Journal of Education and Training Studies  ISSN 2324-805X (Print)   ISSN 2324-8068 (Online)

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