Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth a Cointegration Approach Based on Structural Breaks: Evidence from Algeria

Mustapha Djaballah


In this paper, we studied the impact of fiscal policy tools on economic growth in Algeria for the period from 1970 to 2022, and after testing this impact, we took that oil taxes and non-oil taxes represent two independent variables of economic growth. This study shows that there is a long-term relationship between the two variables. The study also found that the cointegration test of Gregory Hansen and Hatami -J applies under regime change. The results of the study showed that there is a cointegration relationship between the variables in the case of the presence of one constructive interval. As for the two structural breaks, our paper confirmed the presence of a cointegration The relationship between these variables. We find the long-run coefficients for. The cointegration test has showed that there is an absence of a cointegration relationship, This method supported the hypothesis of the absence in a cointegration relationship in the case of the absence of structural breaks, while when we used the cointegration approach based on breaks, we confiremed clear evidence of this, in the case of more than three strictual breaks in the long-run relationship between variables.

The results of this study were confirmed by the Maki test, for example it appears first that fiscal policy exerts a weak positive impact on economic growth, after 2015, while regular taxes are only affected in the long run according to New Keynesian expectations, and it is natural that taxes exert the opposite effect. We concluded that this is due to the decline in the price of oil and the impact on its revenues for approximately 5 years

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Applied Economics and Finance    ISSN 2332-7294 (Print)   ISSN 2332-7308 (Online)

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